Interview with President Isaias Afwerki (2023)

As it may be recalled, local media had conducted an extensive, four-part, interview with President Isaias Afwerki on domestic and international issues during the months of February and March 2023. The current interview deals with, and is focused on, the dynamics, ramifications and future trajectory of the conflict in the Sudan.

Question: The Al-Bashir regime had posed a considerable security threat to the region at large, and neighboring countries, including Eritrea, in particular, on account of its fundamentalist religious agenda. Its subsequent ouster from power in 2019 due to the wrath of the Sudanese people gave rise to an atmosphere of hope and optimism in the Sudan as well as the region. The new reality ushered in a restoration and enhancement of bilateral ties between Eritrea and Sudan that was reflected in continuous diplomatic shuttles and consultations. Taking into consideration the legacy of the Al-Bashir regime, what are the causes and defining features of the unnecessary conflict that has engulfed the Sudan at the present time

In view of Sudan’s geostrategic importance in the Horn of Africa, the Red Sea and beyond, the developments that have unfolded in the Sudan cannot be underestimated or taken lightly. The post-2019 era is characterized by specific dynamics that raise questions about its genesis and development. But, it must also be examined within its historical context; from whence it came and how it unfolded.

The principal challenge for all peoples, whether in the Sudan or in any other underdeveloped country, is nation-building with its different dimensions; specifically, its socio-economic, cultural, and security aspects. Any discussion of the current situation must accordingly begin with examining its origins. If the aim is indeed to bring a lasting solution, stability, peace, growth, and development, then the root challenges must first be solved.

The period from Sudan’s independence in 1956 until 2019 can be roughly divided into three stages; the Al-Azhari period (1956-1969); the Nimeiri years (1969-1989); and the National Congress Party or Islamic Revolution (1989-2019) regime. Relative to other African countries, the Sudan occupied a more developed status – by all measures – during the first two stages. The nation-building process was quite advanced in these phases. This was especially true in the first 20 years of the Numeri period in which the process gained acceleration and was moving in a positive direction. This does not mean it was completely free of challenges. There were the problems of the South and other regions. Nevertheless, the process was progressing well in spite of these challenges.

In 1989, however, Political Islam, which technically began in 1983 during the last years of Numeri’s rule, took center stage. This Islamic movement, spearheaded by the Muslim Brotherhood (al-aKhwan al-Muslimin), was a continuation of what was founded in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna. But throughout the decades, it failed to make any discernible influence within the ranks of the Sudanese people. Political movements based on this philosophy did not have any influence that exceeded 4 or 5 percent of the population. In 1983, however, owing to the general conditions of the Cold War, this movement begun to readjust its position, alongside various other parties.

I will not delve into all the myriad details. Suffice it to say that beginning in 1983, the Islamists expanded their murky network in the subsequent six years and seized power in 1989 through a coup. Once they usurped power, they began to derail the nation-building process. This in turn triggered uunprecedented protests throughout the country – in the south, west, and east. The eventual legacy of the NCP/NIF regime was the eventual fragmentation of the Sudan; the most significant of which was the issue of South Sudan.

Symptoms of fragmentation were also manifested in the Blue Nile, Kurdufan and Darfur areas. Indeed, instead of bolstering nation building, the next 30 years saw a phenomenon of disintegration and fragmentation in the country. More ominously, the Sudan became a hub for terrorism during this period.

(Video) ቃለ-መሕትት ምስ ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሳይያስ ኣፈወርቂ ብዛዕባ ዘሕዝን ግጭት ሱዳን|Interview with President Isaias Afwerki on Sudan

The purported aim was to change the world using their version of Political Islam; not the real Islam. Bin Laden set camp in eastern Sudan and he was there until 1996. Thus, instead of working for domestic reconstruction, the Sudan became embroiled in elusive regional and global agendas of fomenting chaos.

The biggest mistake in Sudanese history was the secession of South Sudan. South Sudan should not have separated – by any argument. The liberation movement of South Sudan was about the right to self-determination. Indeed, whether it is John Garang or any of the leaders of the time, their choice was 99% in favor of unity. The desire to separate was perhaps 1%. So why did secession happen? Was it because the North wanted it? Was it influenced by others? In retrospect, a lot of analysis can be made regarding this matter.

Internal developments were pushed and goaded. But they were pushed and relegated to ultimately opt for secession in 2011. At the same time, the protests in the West and East did not subside. The situation in the South itself was not over. There are still unresolved issues such as Abyei and others. Disputes on whether there should, or should not be, oil allocation remain. Similarly, the Darfur problem continues; same with Kurdufan and the Blue Nile – none of these have been resolved until yesterday.

The Sudan, with all its resources, is considered as the breadbasket of the region. The country’s current situation, however, shows otherwise; its economy has been embezzled; it is drowning in debt; and the economic difficulties of its population have worsened. The past thirty years have thus halted the relative progress in nation-building of the preceding period to entail fragmentation of the country.

The worsening economic and security situation and the deterioration in livelihood caused bitterness amongst the population. This resulted in spontaneous and powerful revolts. This eventually led to the overthrow of the regime in 2019. The popular revolts were not led or directed by any particular entity. But although the people may not have articulated their wishes through a written manifesto, the message was clear and unequivocal: “we have had enough”.

When the regime was overthrown by a popular uprising in 2019, the country stood at a crossroads. It needed to move away from the 30-years-long NCP regime to a new rule. The path was clear: move away from the fallen regime towards a transitional stage and then from a transitional stage towards a gate of safety (or a new and healthy political dispensation). This is the shortest and easiest route. To enter the gate of safety, it would have been necessary to install a new system of government by gleaning key lessons from the accumulated experience. In turn, the new system of government, acceptable to the Sudanese people, would have enabled the country to cross the gate towards safety. Unfortunately, the path deviated and was derailed from this route.

The post-2019 period was littered with what I refer to as “distortions”. Different groups began to claim the revolution as exclusively their own; to claim to have brought about radical change for the people and country on their own. A spontaneous popular revolt, which happened in response to dire internal developments after years of unresolved grievances and patience, was now being claimed as the project of one group or another. Some began to claim “I’m the revolution”, “we did this”. Different groups began to sprout from all corners. The country had never witnessed such confusion. The question remained; how can you claim to have brought about the change that the population itself brought about spontaneously? And if you are going to say that you have contributed in any way, now is not the time.

Similarly, if you are going to contest power, now is not the time. Once you have crossed the critical stage where you have secured stability, then you can talk about, or envisage, competition for power. This is a transitional period and there is no reason to contest power during this period. It is also not the time to divide people along military and civilian lines. This is a transitional stage brought about by a popular uprising. Its roadmap is clear. The key goal at this time is to design the bridge that can take you across to the gate leading towards safety. How do you get there should be the leading question?

(Video) Eritrean's president Isaias Afwerki full interview

For the Sudan to reach the gates of safety, a new situation must be in place. This new situation will be crystallized in a new system of government which must be chosen and elected by the people. This is the debate that began during the first month of the first year. The distortion of the main process or direction had led to a wrong outcome or inclusion in the case of South Sudan and associated instability.

As stressed earlier, it is counterproductive to fight over ownership of the revolution at this point in time. This is not the time for settling scores or squabbling about power. This is a transitional phase and these divisive trends must not be contemplated. They may arise once the destination is reached.

The war between the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) is a legacy of the NCP’s attempt to build its own army and create security institutions in its own image over the past 30 years. What does the Sudanese army really look like? What do the country’s security institutions look like? How were they established? Much can be said about all of these. What is the difference between the RSF and the SAF? Both belonged to the same regime – they were created from it. One can raise a number of issues regarding the structure of the former Sudanese Armed Force; both in respect to political and ideological tendencies. But this is not the time to do so. Furthermore, there are armed groups in Darfur, Kurdufan, Blue Nile and the East that have not been incorporated into the process. In the event, the building of a national, sovereign defense institution has its own process whose crystallization will require a long time. There is no reason to presume that it has a direct linkage with the transition process in question and that it must be resolved first.

One of the disruptions raised in recent times was the issue of integration of the army. The demand was for the RSF to integrate its forces with the army. This should not be controversial in principle. The question of a unitary army is not controversial or a matter that must be glossed over. But it does not have to be implemented in haste now, tomorrow or after tomorrow. Implementation must be carried out through meticulous preparations. For purposes of emphasis and clarity, it must be underlined that in principle and as a Sovereign State, Sudan must have a unitary defense institution.

How this is built is another process that should not be conflated with what we call the transitional phase. Raising this matter will only be seen as a pretext or distraction. Indeed, it cannot be established prior to the formation of a civilian government. The formation of a civilian government is in fact a significant topic in and by itself. One has to reach a satisfactory answer on this topic first. To say that military unification must occur prior to the establishment of a civilian government may be tantamount to putting the cart before the horse. Where will this then lead?

How does the issue of military integration morph into a cause for conflict? And what is the actual reason for conflict? What does a power struggle between two individuals mean in this context? As we have seen over the past 30 years, when substantive issues are mishandled, they result in meaningless conflicts and complications. This is inexcusable. As I mentioned earlier, there is no force other than the army as a whole (as an impartial force) that can shoulder the burden of the transition process towards the gates of safety. That is why we as neighbors, as partners, maintained our direct relationship and all our consultations with Burhan. Not because this is his own personal issue, but because, at this particular stage, the national army is the body that can move the country towards the gates of safety; because it is an impartial force; and because it is deemed as capable of guaranteeing the safety and stability of the country.

Why did this war break out? What is the reason for the conflict? Is it a conflict between civilians and the military? Is it a conflict within the army? Where did the conflict originate to cause such destruction? With what arguments can you justify any of it?

At any rate, it must be reiterated that the transitional phase must remain in the hands of the army. It cannot be replaced. Anyone watching from the outside, as we are watching the developments closely as neighbors, cannot inject arbitrary parameters or qualifications of capacity and/or age for preference of one against the other. The crucial thing is that the army must shoulder the burden of the transitional stage and steer the process to reach the gates of safety. It must then hand-over power to the Sudanese population who will subsequently establish its own institutions of governance.

(Video) President Isaias Afwerki | Talk to Al Jazeera

To dwell on the consequences of the war will only compound and eclipse the quest for a lasting solution. One must understand the conflict’s historical genesis and the sequence of events that led to it. The media tends to focus and exaggerate the consequences. This will only add fuel to the fire.

The approach must be reversed. War must stop – without any debate or equivocation. The actual causes that led to the conflict must be properly identified to prevent any recurrence of such a tragic situation in the future. In a nutshell, the underlying problem must be resolved. And all of us have to work on this.

Sudan’s neighbors are the countries that are most affected by the unfolding events. It is accordingly imperative for the countries of the region to work in partnership and to hold consolations on the resolution of these problems as was indeed the case in the past with the problem of South Sudan. But most importantly, the central role will invariably be played by the Sudanese people. This must be accepted as an operational principle. Within this framework, the most urgent task at this point in time is to bring an immediate end to the war. After ensuring a permanent end to the war, all the complications that triggered the conflict must be addressed and removed. The transitional phase must subsequently be allowed to progress unhindered and move the country towards the gates of safety.

Interview with President Isaias Afwerki (1)

Question: For obvious historical and geographical reasons, Eritrea is one of the neighboring countries that is closely and directly affected by the situation in Sudan. In addition to bolstering warm bilateral ties, Eritrea has been playing a modest role, in a discreet manner,in the promotion of the objectives of the transitional phase and beyond, especially in view of its good ties with all Sudanese political forces. Eritrea’s role stems from its conviction on the neutrality of the Armed forces and the need for a participatorytransitional political phase. In this respect, what is Eritrea’s stanceand outlook on a lasting solution to the conflict and, more generally, on the peaceful political peace process in the Sudan?

What I have discussed so far, in very broad terms, can be viewed assetting the historical context and the backdrop to the current events. As far as we are concerned, our commitment to the Sudanese cause is not anchored on a random whim or mood. Eritrea’s profound relations with the Sudan does not require anovel explanation because the memories are still fresh from our recent history.The extent to which developments in the Sudan over the past 30 years affected us is a well-known fact. So, our engagement with the cause of the Sudanese people is not optional or a matter of choice.Stability, peace and development in the Sudan are shared and common interests for both of our peoples. As such, there is no reason why we should not contribute to the extent that we can in this endeavor. This does not detract from the fact that the issue of the Sudan is first and foremost the responsibility of the Sudanese people.

In general, the stability of other countries in our neighborhood is not optional and a matter of choice. Regional stability is vital because it reinforces domestic stability; makes it reliable and ensures sustainability. One cannot walk away from it. As such, when the popular uprising happened in 2019, our engagement became stronger as required by the circumstances. We did not choose to remain on the sidelines and “pass the buck” to others. We carefully analyzed the evolving situation and assessed the prospects of acting positively? How can we demonstrate our friendship to the people of the Sudan in their hour of difficulty?

Taking stock of all of the turbulent winds, no one could afford to ignore the potential consequences of the preoccupyingdevelopments in the Sudan with its ramifications both inside the country but also in the region as a whole. The news that was being churned out was unsettling… “Nubians have been killed in eastern Sudan”, “killings took placein the Blue Nile region”, “villages have been set on fire in Darfur,” etc. This cannot but engender concern in the neighborhood.

(Video) ቃለ መሕተት ምስ ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሳይያስ ኣፍወርቂ - 1ይ ክፋል - February 12, 2023 - ERi-TV

After 30 years of oppression, the betrayal of the Sudanese people has given rise to this current point. The country has embarked on a transitional phasetowards a better future.

For us, the modest role that we can play must be predicated on a clear strategy of engagement. The primary concern was some discernible negative trends that could derail the process. These emanated mostly from opportunistic movements that seemed bent on sowing discord within the transition process.

As it will be recalled, the Sudanese army chose to stand by the people during the popular uprising in 2019. It refused orders to “arrest” and “kill”. It chose to stand bythepeopleas it knew their aspirations and wishes. Also because it is a product of the people. The role it played in those crucial times cannot be underrated. For this reason, it possessed all the credentials to shoulder the burden of transition. These considerations prompted us to initiate our engagement and maintain continuous consultations with the Sovereign Council. Obviously, they know their case better. Nonetheless, we maintained constant discussionsand shared our views in order to contribute what we can. In this spirit, we also put forward our proposal which cannot be fully discussed here for paucity of time. As I stated earlier, the historical contexts and trajectories are taken into account to draw appropriate lessons from the past.

Nation-building processinvariably encompasses different aspects – of peoples, of citizenship, of opportunities. Even if we look at the experiences of others, the reference points are clear. The trajectory involves a transitional phase to catalyze a cogent climate for a new, viable,7 and sustainablepolitical dispensation that allows and guarantees the Sudanese people to ultimately make their choice. With this in mind, our proposal clarifies the strategic vision, from our perspective, for the transitional phase and beyond.

Obviously, there may be several initiatives from different quarters. For our part, we are not really interested in competing in a bazaar. We will not be prompted to start an initiative in a competitive spirit. Our focus is on what we can really contribute; without publicity and in a very discreet mode. We have been working along these lines for the past four years. This is squarely based on partnership, understanding, and mutual respect; not our presumptuouspreferences. And of course, it is based on listening to the opinion of others.

It is always counterproductive to try and “analyze” and “solve” issues after they have flared up. For this reason, we have been in constant communication, before the conflict erupted, with the stakeholders and providing our views and suggestions in a timely manner. In this context, we explained that the merging of the forces and the establishment of a sovereign army in Sudan is not a controversial topic in and of itself. But itsimplementation has its own dynamics or process. Obviously, the doctrine, configuration, capabilities, composition, size, and other fundamental military parameters are also part and parcel of the institutional building of a unitary army,

Unfortunately, the journey of the past 30 years has completely hampered this process. In addition to this, as mentioned earlier, armed forces were established that are outside the arena of the national army. Taking all of these factors into account, it is counterproductive to place the issue of the merging of all forces and the building of a unified army as aprecondition. This would only hinder the political transition process. In this spirit, we had indeed made our opinion clear; that this issue should not be used as an excuse to trigger any conflict.

We did not publicize it, but we had made our position clear to all the stakeholders. We persisted in our consistent engagement and exerted all necessary efforts to avert the eruption of any potential conflict. Still, we will continue to engage to bring restoration to the process that has been derailed. Our engagement cannot be erratic that is interrupted or abandoned when the conditions are not conducive. It is an obligation – not a choice.

(Video) 2022 Interview with Pres. Isaias Afwerki on regional issues & domestic development programs - ERi-TV

Indeed, as far as we are concerned, the Sudan is unlike any other neighbor. Our relationship bears unique historical characteristics. As such, whether for the short-term or for the future, we are committed to a judicious engagement, and this goal is not something we can postpone.

What is disconcerting is the trend that we see and that may further exacerbate the situation. The war must stop. Disinformation that aggravates the situation must also cease.

Editor’s Note: The second and final part of the Interview with President Isaias Afwerki will be published in our next edition.


What is the salary of Eritrean president? ›

List of heads of state of Eritrea
President of the State of Eritrea
DeputyChairman of the National Assembly (de jure)
Salary6,000 USD annually
†: As the Constitution of Eritrea has to date never been implemented, elections have never been held and the incumbent has remained in office without being bound by fixed terms.
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How tall is Isaias Afwerki? ›

What type of government does Eritrea have? ›

Image of What type of government does Eritrea have?
A presidential system, or single executive system, is a form of government in which a head of government, typically with the title of president, leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch in systems that use separation of powers.

Which country has the most Eritreans? ›

Eritreans constitute several component ethnic groups, some of which are related to ethnic groups that make up the Ethiopian people in neighboring Ethiopia and people groups in other parts of the Horn of Africa.
Total population
Eritrea3.6–6.7 million
Sudan159,748 (Eritrean-born)
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Eritrea (/ˌɛrɪˈtriː.ə, -ˈtreɪ-/ ( listen)), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa region of Eastern Africa, with its capital and largest city at Asmara.

Who owns Eritrea? ›

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Is it safe to go to Eritrea? ›

If you decide to travel to Eritrea: Use caution when walking and hiking in remote areas or off main roads. Always carry a copy of your U.S. passport and visa (if applicable). Keep original documents in a secure location.

What is the biggest religion in Eritrea? ›

The two major religions in Eritrea are Christianity and Islam. However, the number of adherents of each faith is subject to debate. Estimates of the Christian share of the population range from 47% and 63%, while estimates of the Muslim share of the population range from 37% to 52%.

What language do they speak in Eritrea? ›

Nine official languages: Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Rashaida, Bilen, Afar, Beni, Amir, and Nera. Most people speak Tigrinya, and the government also uses Arabic. In Eritrea most schools are government owned and free-of-charge.

Does Eritrea owe China money? ›

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What is the main problem in Eritrea? ›

War Crimes and Other Abuses in Tigray

Eritrean forces have carried out large-scale massacres, summary executions, widespread sexual violence including rape, gang rape, and sexual slavery, widespread pillage, attacks on refugee camps, and destruction and pillaging of crops.

Is Eritrea an American ally? ›

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Where do most Eritreans live in America? ›

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Do Eritreans have Italian ancestry? ›

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What is Eritrea rich in? ›

Eritrea's natural mineral resources are copper, potash, zinc, oil, natural gas, cement, gypsum, granite, marble, ceramics, limestone, and iron ore.

What is the average salary in Ethiopia in US dollars? ›

Economic Overview

The cost of living for one person is approximately 669 USD/29,000 ETB, while the average monthly salary is about 205 USD/8,900 ETB.

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Tewodros Ashenafi Tewodros Ashenafi is a famous Entrepreneur, born on August 26, 1969, in Ethiopia. As of December 2023, Tewodros Ashenafi's net worth is $5 Million, per All Famous Birthday.

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Eritrea is home to one of Africa's oldest port cities. The ancient port city of Adulis was part of the Aksumite Kingdom, from 100 AD– 940 AD. Situated on the Zula Gulf on the Red Sea, around 59 km south of Massawa, the site has been inhabited since at least the 6th century BC.

Who sold Eritrea to Italy? ›

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Who is the Princess of Eritrea? ›

Princess Tenagnework
DynastyHouse of Solomon (Shewan Branch)
FatherHaile Selassie I
MotherMenen Asfaw
ReligionEthiopian Orthodox Tewahedo
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Did Eritrea exist before Ethiopia? ›

The Italians created the colony of Eritrea in the 19th century around Asmara, and named it with its current name. After World War II, Eritrea annexed to Ethiopia.
British administration and federalisation.
Preceded bySucceeded by
Italian East AfricaFederation of Ethiopia and Eritrea

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Kaleb Tedla
  • Language.
  • Watch.

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Seychelles is the richest country in Africa, with a GNI per capita of $14,540.

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However, there is often regulation on what age one has to be before they are permitted to consume alcohol.
Legal Drinking Age25 Years Old
Alcohol Consumption Per Capita6.3 L
Prevalence of Alcohol Dependence0.8%
Alcohol IllegalityNo
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The main languages spoken in Eritrea are Tigrinya, Tigre, Kunama, Bilen, Nara, Saho, Afar, and Beja. The country's working languages are Tigrinya, Arabic, and English, and Italian was in the past.

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Article 565 prohibits enslavement and prescribes punishment of five to 20 years' imprisonment, penalties which are sufficiently stringent. Forced labor and slavery are prohibited, except where authorized by law under Article 16 of the ratified, but suspended, Eritrean Constitution.

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The nation has nine recognized ethnic groups. Of these, the largest is the Tigriniya, who make up 50% of the population; the Tigre people, who also speak a Semitic language, constitute around 30% of residents. Most of the rest of the population belong to other Afro-Asiatic-speaking communities of the Cushitic branch.

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Sports in Eritrea primarily consist of football, cycling, and long-distance running. Football is a popular recreational sport (as it is across the continent), and at a professional level it is played under the authority of the Eritrean National Football Federation.

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The main traditional food in Eritrean cuisine is tsebhi (stew), served with injera (flatbread made from teff, wheat, or sorghum and hilbet (paste made from legumes; mainly lentil and faba beans).

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Nationality by Birth

1 Any person born to a father or a mother of Eritrean origin in Eritrea or abroad is an Eritrean national by birth.

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Eritrea always firmly supports China in safeguarding sovereignty and independence, and respects China's legitimate position.

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It has maintained often troubled, and usually violent, relations with its neighbors, including brief armed conflicts with Yemen and Djibouti and a destructive war with its bigger-neighbour, Ethiopia. At present, Eritrea has very tense relations with neighboring Ethiopia and Djibouti.

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Fighting largely subsided during the first ceasefire period from March through August of 2022. The Ethiopia–Tigray Peace Agreement, signed in November 2022, established a permanent ceasefire between Ethiopia and Tigray although Eritrea was not a party to it.

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Eritrea and Russia relations are diplomatic relations between the State of Eritrea and the Russian Federation. Russia has an embassy in Asmara and Eritrea has its own in Moscow.

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Supported by:
  • Soviet Union (1974–1990)
  • Cuba (1974–1990)
  • South Yemen (1974–1990)
  • Israel (1990–1991)
  • North Korea.

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The United States recognized the Republic of Eritrea on April 27, 1993, when the American consulate at Asmara informed Eritrean authorities of this decision on the same date Eritrea declared its independence.

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The estimated total pay for a President is ETB 124,000 per month in the Ethiopia area, with an average salary of ETB 52,000 per month. These numbers represent the median, which is the midpoint of the ranges from our proprietary Total Pay Estimate model and based on salaries collected from our users.

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Eritrea does not have a country-wide minimum wage. However, the minimum pay in the public sector is 360 ERN.

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Remote CEO salaries in Ethiopia

The median annual salary for a remote CEO in Ethiopia is $73,392. This is the base salary, not including benefits.

How much money does the Ethiopian president make? ›

Member states and observers of the United Nations, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the European Union
StateHead of state annual salary
Ethiopia45,270 USD (President)
European Union447,336 USD (President of the European Council)
Fiji62,784 USD (President)
Finland141,367 USD (President)
153 more rows

Who is the highest paid world leader? ›

Lee Hsien Loong-Prime Minister Singapore

Lee Hsien Loong, the incumbent prime minister of Singapore, receives the highest compensation than any other government leader globally. Lee earns a salary of approximately US $2.2 million, which is way higher than the $400,000 earned by US president Joe Biden.

What is the highest salary in the government? ›

The largest government salary goes to the president of the U.S, who earns $400,000 a year. Interestingly, the vice president is not the second-highest paid government employee. That distinction belongs to the Postmaster General, whose annual salary is $245,000.

How much is the salary of President Biden? ›

While the salary offered for serving as President of the United States may be lower than many expect, there are many financial benefits long term. The annual salary awarded to the President of the United States is $400,000.

What are the most common jobs in Eritrea? ›

Agriculture employs about 80 percent of the population in Eritrea, and the remaining 20 percent are employed in industry and services.

What is a big salary in Ethiopia? ›

The gross salary range for people working in Ethiopia is typically from 4,253 ETB (minimum salary) to 14,645 ETB (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

What is the lowest salary in Africa? ›

E. Comparing minimum wage in African countries
CountryMinimum Wage
Sudan425 Sudanese pounds (0.71 USD) per month
Tanzania40,000 Tanzanian shillings (17.05 USD) per month
The Gambia50 Gambian dalasi (0.80 USD) per day
Apr 27, 2023

Who is the Ethiopian richest politician? ›

Meles Zenawi – $3 Billion

He had a net worth of $3 billion, according to Celebrity Net Worth. Meles Zenawi is the former Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Before becoming the prime minister of his native country, Zenawi was the president of Ethiopia in the nineties (from 1991 to 1995).

Who was the highest paid CEO? ›

In 2021, Elon Musk received the highest compensation till date as a CEO. This compensation was a mix of salary from the company and stock options awarded to him by the company. This showed the importance of a CEO to the rest of the world.

Who is the most paid president in Africa? ›

Here are 15 of the highest paid African leaders in 2021.
  • Cameroonian President Paul Biya tops the list of African leaders with an annual salary of $620,976.
  • Mr Biya is followed by Morocco's King Mohammed and South Africa's Cyril Ramaphosa, with an annual salary of $488,604 and $223,500, respectively.
May 28, 2022

Why is Ethiopia important to Africa? ›

Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. What are believed to be the oldest remains of a human ancestor ever found, which have been dated as being some five million years old, were discovered in the Awash Valley in Ethiopia.

What is Ethiopia known for? ›

Ethiopia is famous for its high-quality coffee it produces, its rich culture and national parks. Find out more about how Ethiopia will surprise you with its monolithic churches, stunning national parks, ornate palaces and welcoming tribespeople on an Intrepid tour of Ethiopia.


1. Interview with Salih Sabah, Eritrean opposition leader.
(Al Jazeera English)
2. ቃለ መሕተት ምስ ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሳይያስ ኣፍወርቂ - 4ይ ክፋል - March 11, 2023 - ERi-TV
(Eri-TV, Eritrea (Official))
3. ቃለ መሕተት ምስ ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሳይያስ ኣፍወርቂ - 3ይ ክፋል - March 4, 2023 - ERi-TV
(Eri-TV, Eritrea (Official))
4. #shorts President Isaias Afwerki interview
(ERI 91)
5. ቃለ መሕተት ምስ ክቡር ፕረዚደንት ኢሳይያስ ኣፍወርቂ (2ይ ክፋል) - February 18, 2023 - ERi-TV
(Eri-TV, Eritrea (Official))
6. #shorts President Isaias Afwerki interview
(ERI 91)


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